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Civil Engineering: Developing the World

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When it comes to choosing a suitable field of interest for today’s generation for the sake of furtherance of studies, numerous options are available, and very limited ones offer a long term scope to prosper. One such faculty which should honestly be given a though about is Civil Engineering.

What is Civil Engineering?
Rather than beating around the bush, let’s come to the point, shall we? In general, it is the branch of engineering which deals with the planning, design, construction, development and maintenance of the structures like buildings, roads, bridges, canals, dams, water supply, irrigation and treatment systems etc. This broad a spectrum, comprises of many sub-disciplines under it as well. The branches of civil engineering are structural, construction, geotechnical, urban/ town/ municipal, environmental, transportation, surveying, water resource, tunnel, earthquake, material and coastal, etc.

Civil Engineering has been the most important aspect of human life on earth since its existence. Our ancestors gave us so many examples of its applications in our day-to-day life. There have been many stages of the development of the world with the help of application of civil engineering concepts & design. In early days, it was limited to building roads and houses, but with developments in science and technology, and with advancements of human civilization, this field has made a significant leap. From high-rises to massive dams, from large tunnels to canals and bridges, the scope of civil engineering has magnificently broadened with time.

This profession also recognizes the reality of limited natural resources, the desire for sustainable practices (including life-cycle analysis and sustainable design techniques), and the need for social equity in the consumption of resources. Without trained personnel of civil engineers, we would not have had a constant recyclable supply of clean water, or nonconventional energy tapping to help us save our planet. Without these, the world we live in would be unrecognizably different. Civil engineering is all about people. Its the work that civil engineers do to develop and improve the services and facilities the public use. We rely on civil engineering every day for a variety of things: from supplying energy and clean water to our homes, farms etc., to processing and recycling our waste, to finding solutions to problems like pollution and population.

History of Civil Engineering:
The history & emergence of civil engineering is difficult to determine. However, we can imagine that its use and development started since the existence of human beings on earth. Man used the caves in mountains as their shelter against weather & environment. And also used trunk of trees to cross the river as a raft which is an example of ancient age civil engineering applications. The earliest practices of civil engineering per se may have commenced between 4000 and 2000 BC in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia (Ancient Iraq) when humans started to abandon a nomadic existence, thus causing a need for the construction of shelter. During this time, transportation became increasingly important leading to the development of the wheel and sailing.

Until recent times, there was no clear distinction between civil engineering and architecture, and the term engineer and architect were often synonymously and interchangeably used as mainly geographical variations referring to the same person. The construction of Pyramids in Egypt around 2700-2500 BC might be considered the first instances of large structure constructions. Around 2550 BC, Imhotep, the first documented engineer, built a famous stepped pyramid for King Djoser located at Saqqara Necropolis. With simple tools and mathematics he created a monument that stands to this day. His greatest contribution to engineering was his discovery of the art of building with shaped stones. Those who followed him carried engineering to remarkable heights using skill and imagination.

Ancient historic civil engineering constructions include the Qanat water management system (the oldest older than 3000 years and longer than 71 km,) the Parthenon by Iktinos in Ancient Greece (447-438 BC), the Appian Way by Roman engineers (c. 312 BC), the Great Wall of China by General Meng Tien under orders from Chin Emperor Shih Huang Ti (c. 220 BC) and the stupas constructed in ancient Sri Lanka like the Jetavanaramaya and the extensive irrigation works in Anuradhapura. The Romans developed civil structures throughout their empire, including especially aqueducts, insulae, harbors, bridges, dams, cathedrals and roads. Machu Picchu, Peru, built at around 1450, at the height of the Inca Empire is considered an engineering marvel. It was built in the Andes Mountains assisted by some of history’s most ingenious water resource engineers. The people of Machu Picchu built a mountain top city with running water, drainage systems, food production and stone structures so advanced that it endured for over 500 years.

Future Prospects?
Since today’s world is shamelessly money minded, students may ask this question- ‘what’s the scope?’ to put it mildly. However, let me tell you, that since we live in an era of massive development in the field of constructions, high paying jobs are pretty much available if you really display a spark to build something awesome despite the peer pressure. Long term scope for promotions or just having your own startups/construction businesses work out well too, for private minded people, considering how strategic a location you choose and the amount of capital investment one can manage to deliver quality. Governments of each nation, too, offer jobs and tenders in order to get the public constructions like bridges, highways, dams, etc made.

All in all, to conclude, it is a chauvinistic yet meaty field for a career choice if someone looks out for action and a passion to create something extraordinary out of ashes!

Mohammad Azharuddin
M.I.T. College

Times of Youth is an International Youth Magazine read by the youth of more than 82 countries. Times of Youth brings the latest Youth Opportunities, News, Interviews, Fully Funded Scholarships, Paid Internships, Future Stars, Rising Stars, etc. For further details you can email us at: [email protected]

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Heroes

19 Year Old Pakistani Wins Princess Cup

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Hammad Hadi Khan wins 29th Princess Cup International Youth Tournament
Pakistan continues to dominate the world of youth scrabble! Hammad Hadi Khan wins 29th Princess Cup youth scrabble championship in Thailand. The runner up, Moiz Baig is also from Pakistan.
The three-day 29th Princess Cup Youth tournament kicked off at Bangkok, Thailand. The Princess cup is an annual event sponsored by the royal family in Thailand and is attended by the top players from all over the world.

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Heroes

Muniba Mazari wins Karic Award in Serbia

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The most beautiful lady on the wheel who inspires millions around the World.

If you feel demotivated & depress & now you can’t do anything, you are helpless then you must Google one name; The great Muniba Mazari. The biggest example of positive attitude, passion for life, passion for work and strongest will power. The greatest example of courage & will power that can even beat death & any disability!

Muniba Mazari wins Karica Brother Award. The Karic Brothers Award has been established as a result of a firm belief in the inexhaustible capacity of intellect and value, primarily of our own people. Its purpose is to stimulate and motivate all those who create and produce value that will result in more pleasant living conditions. On the occasion of the 25th Anniversary of the BK Company, the Karic family and the Karic Foundation introduced the Karic Brothers Award. It is presented for the highest achievements in the following categories: culture and arts, scientific research work, publishing and journalism, economy and commerce, humanitarian activity in support of peace, cooperation and amity amongst people. The award is presented annually. Individuals, organisations and institutions all have the right to propose a candidate. The proposal should be submitted in written form to the Karic Foundation. The Executive Board decides on the laureates. A team of experts proposes to the Board three candidates in each category of whom one is subsequently chosen. The award was originally presented in 1998 and the names of its winners best attest to the justified ambition of becoming, with time, the Serbian equivalent to the Nobel Prize.

“Thank you very much Karić Foundation for acknowledging the efforts and for giving this huge honour! While I am nothing without the support of my mother, family and friends I’ll dedicate this award to all the people of the world who suffer discrimination of any sort. To all the people who are made to believe they are lesser of a human. Let’s hope for a tomorrow free of discrimination be it gender, racial, religious or against people with physical or mental challenges. Let’s be there for one another, let’s embrace everyone the way they are. In the end, a little more kindness and a little less judgment is all we need to make this world a better place to live. So let’s be kind and be human!” 
-Muniba Mazari

Written by Rohayl Varind

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Pakistan

5 year old Child from Pakistan wins Global Award

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5 year old Child from Peshawar, Pakistan wins global award.

A local boy Essa Zaheer who is five-year old made Pakistan proud when his two-minute film won first prize in the “Peace in the Street Global Film Festival (PSGFF)” at the United Nations headquarters.

The short film by Essa Zaheer, “I will be your Spiderman,” stood first among the 320 movies made by young.

The film shows how a kid becomes Spiderman and spends all his savings to buy uniform and books for a young girl working in his house as a maid.

Essa Zaheer was presented with the prize in the United Nations Headquarters in New York while his family accompanying him was given tour of the UN offices and the United States State Department. 

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Featured

Swiss Government Excellence Scholarships for International Student 2018/2019

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Each year the Swiss Confederation awards Government Excellence Scholarships to promote international exchange and research cooperation between Switzerland and over 180 other countries. Recipients are selected by the awarding body, the Federal Commission for Scholarships for Foreign Students (FCS).

The Swiss Government Excellence Scholarships are aimed at young researchers from abroad who have completed a master’s degree or PhD and at foreign artists holding a bachelor’s degree.

Eligible Regions: Open For All

Types of scholarship

Research Scholarship – Available to post-graduate researchers in any discipline (who hold a master’s degree as a minimum) who are planning to come to Switzerland to pursue research or further studies at doctoral or post-doctoral level.

Research scholarships are awarded for research or study at all Swiss cantonal universities, universities of applied sciences and the two federal institutes of technology. Only candidates nominated by an academic mentor at one of these higher education institutions will be considered.

Art Scholarships – Open to art students wishing to pursue an initial master’s degree in Switzerland.
Art scholarships are awarded for study at any Swiss conservatory or university of the arts. This scholarship is available to students from a limited number of countries only.

Benefits of Swiss Government Excellence Scholarships for International Student 2018/2019 

The scholarship covers a monthly payment, exemption of tuition fees, health insurance, air fare, housing allowance, etc., as applicable. Please refer to the country-specific fact sheets for exact scholarship benefits.

Eligibilities

Please refer to the country-specific fact sheets for general and specific eligibility criteria.

The FCS assesses scholarship applications according to three criteria:

a) Candidate profile
b) Quality of the research project or artistic work
c) Synergies and potential for future research cooperation

Location: Switzerland

Application Deadline: September-December 2017

Official Link to Apply for Swiss Government Excellence Scholarships for International Student 2018/2019 

https://www.sbfi.admin.ch/sbfi/en/home/bildung/scholarships-and-grants/swiss-government-excellence-scholarships-for-foreign-scholars-an.html#2146630976

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One Young World Summit 2017- Leading Pakistan Award (Fully Funded)

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One Young World has launched a global ‘Local Organising Committee’ model. Known as NYLOCs ( ‘National Young Leaders Organising Committees’)

The One Young World NYLOC for Pakistan is chaired by Naila Mir. Naila has 16 years experience centered around sustainable business, corporate social responsibility, employee engagement, partnerships, and strategic communications. She recently established her own not-for-profit network, P3 Collective, to help young people achieve their purpose and collectively make an impact. Naila is a passionate champion of young leaders and is working hard to support bright young talent from Pakistan to participate in the upcoming One Young World Summit in Bogotá.

One Young World’s newly established Local Organising Committee for Pakistan is proud to announce one Delegate scholarship place for an impactful young leader from Pakistan to attend the One Young World Summit 2017 in Bogotá, 4-7 October.

What does the scholarship include?

  1. Access to the One Young World Summit 2017 in Bogotá, Colombia
  2. Hotel accommodation on a shared basis between 4 October and 7 October
  3. Catering which includes breakfast, lunch and dinner.
  4. Transport between the Summit accommodation and the Summit venues
  5. Summit hand-outs and support materials.
  6. The cost of travel to and from Bogotá.
  7. Post-Summit, all ‘Delegates’ become lifetime members of the One Young World Ambassador network which spans 196 countries with over 8,000 members.

Who can apply?

In order to apply you must: 

  1. Aged 18 – 30
  2. A national of Pakistan

Candidates must demonstrate:

  • Evidence of commitment to creating positive change in Pakistan. This commitment can come in many forms; ranging from a high level of involvement in community initiatives to social entrepreneurship or from leading responsible business practices to public service
  • Leadership ability and examples
  • Concern and knowledge of local and related global issues must be evident
  • Ability to generate, articulate and achieve impactful ideas
  • Teamwork

Location: Bogotá, Colombia

Application Deadline: August 18th 2017

Official Link to Apply for One Young World Summit 2017- Leading Pakistan Award 

https://www.oneyoungworld.com/leading-pakistan-award-0

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Featured

Fellowship to COP 23 in Bonn, Germany (Fully Funded)

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Climate Tracker is launching its COP23 opportunity, and it is stacked with opportunities and prizes for Trackers from everywhere in the world!

If you want to be part of this incredible transition, it’s time to raise your voice, and join their opportunity for a Fully Funded trip to COP23, in Germany in November.

With the signing of the Paris Agreement almost two years behind them, it is time to step up their game. The Renewable Energy Transition is unstoppable! Even if Trump wants to pull out of the Paris Agreement, now he wants Solar Panels on Border Wall.

Around the world, Renewable energy is driving bigger changes than we have seen in generations, and the pressure is on for countries to take their transitions even further. 

Benefits

  • Fully funded fellowship (including accommodations, travel, allowance)
  • Join the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 23rd conference of parties

Am I eligible to apply?

Participants from all countries between the ages of 18 and 30 years old are eligible.

They do have one special set of Countries, and they will definitely select at least one person from the following Countries:

Indonesia | The Philippines | India | Ethiopia | Nigeria | Egypt | Bangladesh | Peru | Pakistan | Turkey

But they have 4 other spots available for anyone in the world!

They encourage young writers from around the world (like yourself) to help us write inspiring stories and to publish them in media, and we will reward five of you with a spot to COP 23 in Germany!

Publish 3 articles on the topics of:

  1. Renewable Energy,
  2. Climate Finance,
  3. and Climate and Health.
Deadline: September 30, 2017

Official Link to Apply for Fellowship to COP 23 in Bonn, Germany (Fully Funded)

http://app.climatetracker.org/competition/52aa87a3-3ed2-4392-8c50-e5473a9b36a2/information

Deadline: September 30, 2017

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Featured

The TED 2018 Fellowship program (Fully Funded)

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The TED 2018 Fellowship program (Fully Funded)

The TED Fellows program opens applications to find a new class of extraordinary thinkers and doers. The TED Fellowship program has the ability to slingshot your career forward. As a Fellow, you will be introduced into a powerful network of innovators that can be future collaborators.

Eligible Regions: Open for All

Benefits

  • Once applicant are selected as a TED Fellow, then organizer will cover applicant flights (or equivalent) to and from the TED conference, any visa that may need, room, board + food while at the conference, and a conference pass.
  • TED will provide a formal letter of invitation that should be sufficient for most countries’ visa applications.
  • Your formal letter of invitation can also be used to document the trip if applicant are a student studying in another country. TED do cover visa application fees.
  • Fellows have access to personal mentorship opportunities

Eligibilities Requirement:

  • Applicants of ages 21-40 and anyone over age 18 is welcome to apply.
  • After get selected as ted fellow, applicant will be required to block off a total of eight consecutive days (April 21 – 28, 2018 in order to be a TED Fellow)
  • English proficiency is required.

Deadline: September 10, 2017

Official Link to Apply for TED 2018 Fellowship program (Fully Funded)

https://www.ted.com/participate/ted-fellows-program/apply-to-be-a-ted-fellow

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Inspirational

Heartbroken bride throws feast for the homeless after wedding called off

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A woman who called off her $30,000 wedding has invited homeless people to come and eat the food prepared for the reception.

Sarah Cummins, 25, broke off her wedding, then realised that her sit-down reception dinner for 170 at the Ritz Charles was non-refundable.

Feeling “really sick” about throwing away the food she had ordered for the reception, she began contacting local homeless shelters and has invited people to come along.

“We’re doing all the same stuff, just arranging the tables differently, so there’s no head table for the bridal party, no cake table or gift table,” Cummins told Media.

Purdue University pharmacy student Sarah Cummins, 25, has spent the past few years planning her dream wedding. She’s spent years saving and working overtime to pay for the $30,000 extravaganza.

Cummins arranged for two buses to pick up about 170 residents and their families.

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